Ten Fundamental Facts About SPD
When extended family, teachers, neighbors, other parents, and service providers ask you what Sensory Processing Disorder is, the following are research-supported statements you can make.

  • Sensory Processing Disorder is a complex disorder of the brain that affects developing children and adults.
  • Parent surveys, clinical assessments, and laboratory protocols exist to identify children with SPD.
  • At least 1 in 20 people in the general population is affected by Sensory Processing Disorder.
  • In children with ADHD, Autism, and fragile X syndrome, the prevalence of SPD is much higher than in the general population.
  • Studies have found a significant difference between the physiology of children with SPD and children who are typically developing.
  • Studies have found a significant difference between the physiology of children with SPD and children with ADHD.
  • Sensory Processing Disorder has unique sensory symptoms that are not explained by other known disorders.
  • Heredity may be one cause of the disorder.
  • Laboratory studies suggest that the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems are not functioning typically in children with SPD.
  • Preliminary research data support decades of anecdotal evidence that occupational therapy is an effective intervention for treating the symptoms of SPD.

– from Sensational Kids: Hope and Help for Children With Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) p. 249-250 by Lucy Jane Miller, PhD, OTR

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